Update: 21 June 2023.
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Almost everyone has heard of the Tesla converter, but few believe it existed. And official science simply ignores it. According to our scientists, the existence of the Tesla converter is nothing more than a myth. Amateur researchers, lone inventors, have tried to reconstruct it, but without success. The way it worked was unknown, so they did not know how to start reviving it. Instead, they created various perpetual motion devices (perpetual motion machines), which are rather inefficient. Moreover, they contain moving parts and therefore require maintenance. They are also heavy, difficult to move and expensive to produce.
However, there is a great need for a high-efficiency, low-cost, maintenance-free device for generating energy from energy. The use of waste-to-energy could eliminate pollution. There would be no need for air-polluting power stations, and cars would be powered by zero-emission electric motors rather than smoky explosive engines (already in place, but powered by expensive batteries charged by power station electricity). The world's oceans would no longer be polluted by millions of litres of oil from oil tankers that have caught fire and sunk.
The Tesla converter is the most perfect of the currently known compact design surplus energy generation systems. In this device, the excitation is done by the ether, so no external intervention is needed to make it work. Its electronic design means that it can be scaled up or down to any size, and its production is simple and cheap. Since it does not require any external excitation by us, its efficiency is theoretically infinite. Of course, this is limited by feasibility, since above a certain power it would require a transformer of a size that could only be moved by crane, and a wire winding so thick that it could not be bent. But the Tesla converter is not intended to replace a power plant. It is ideally suited for local power supply. It eliminates the need to interconnect consumers, and may even mean that in the future some rooms in homes will not be connected to the electricity grid.
This is made possible by the high specific power of the Tesla converter. For example, a small panel the size of a palm, which can fit in a corner of a device, can power a communications device. It is therefore possible that in the future manufacturers will incorporate this inexpensive power source into their products, thus eliminating the need for a mains connection and making all electrical appliances self-powered. The Tesla converters installed in electronic appliances and computers will no longer produce 230 (110) volts, but will transform their output voltage to the voltage required by the load circuits (3V, 5V, 12V). In this case, only a simple voltage stabilizer needs to be connected to the output of the converter.
For radiator-type electric heaters (oil radiators), the box that supplies the power will probably be mounted on the side, while for electric heaters, the high-power converter is expected to be mounted on the bottom. It is also possible that we will be able to produce miniature converters in integrated circuit design that can be installed in clocks. This will not only make portable electronic devices much cheaper to run, but will also get rid of the environmental pollution caused by the billions of spent batteries and accumulators that are currently being thrown away. At the same time, the grotesque situation where batteries often cost more than the device they are put into will be eliminated. This is mainly due to the fact that dry cell manufacturers, taking advantage of consumer dependency, have in recent years raised the price of their products to the stars.
The need to harness and harness universal energy is therefore urgent in all areas. The task is not so great, because the Tesla converter has been proven to exist. With today's modern components it could be built cheaply and in a few weeks. Before that, Nikola Tesla's patent specifications must be studied, with particular reference to the converter. This should not be too difficult, as Péter Varsányi has collected all of Tesla's patents and even had most of them translated into Hungarian (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: +36-20-942-7232.) His collection, which has been created with enormous effort and at great cost, can be found at http://www.Tesla.hu The scanned pages are saved in GIF format. Some of the text has been digitised using OCR (character recognition) software, and even the most important patent specifications have been translated into Hungarian. Here you can find all the books, articles and invention descriptions of the two inventors. The material is still being expanded, with the addition of previously unknown writings discovered later.) With this information and the circuit diagram, you can start building the device.
Let us start with the basics. This is necessary because the working mechanism of the Tesla converter is unknown. The reason for this is not secrecy but lack of theoretical knowledge and technical terms. Tesla himself, and later Moray, did not know the exact operating mechanism of his device. Henry Moray, who revived and improved the Tesla converter, only told his assistant about his device: 'Size: 61 × 25 × 15 cm. As for its internal construction, it has 12 vacuum tubes, three of which are of the 70-L-7 type." From this scant information, it can be concluded that the Tesla converter consisted of 12 stages connected in a cascade, with the vacuum tube acting as a diode. The 3 electron tubes were probably low threshold voltage and were installed in the first three stages. After that, the output voltage was so high that ordinary electron tube diodes were sufficient.
So, first, build 12 conventional parallel LC circuits and connect them in series. (Use primary and secondary windings of increasingly high power transformers as inductors.) Switch an ordinary sine wave signal to the first stage using a signal generator. Connect a voltmeter or oscilloscope to the secondary winding of the last stage. You will find that the amplitude of the output signal, i.e. its power, is not even equal to the input signal. This is due to the thermal movement in the interconnecting wires and transformer windings, and the inductive energy is almost dissipated in each stage due to Lenz's law. Now let us set the frequency of the sine wave to the resonant frequency of the resonant circuits. We then find that the output signal is almost as high as the input signal. This small loss is due to the fact that the mechanical vibration of the atoms in the metal wires causes a significant amount of free electrons to be stripped from their outermost electron shells. RC, LC, RLC circuits tuned to resonance are used in communications technology, microwave technology (mobile phones, satellites). They are used in modulator coils, low-pass and high-pass filters and other resonators.
These are all useful circuits, without them there would be no electronic communication in our world, and we would even have to do without electronic musical instruments (e.g. synthesizers). However, these conventional parallel resonant circuits are not suitable for generating additional energy. In fact, for the reasons just mentioned, they have to suffer some losses during operation and therefore need power to make up for the losses that occur during operation. At present, these circuits are used for both signal transmission and reception (radio transmitters, TV transmitters, mobile phone stations). In this application, the main problem is not that no excess energy is generated, because that is not the aim. The bigger problem is that this type of excitation limits the speed at which electromagnetic waves can propagate. Since electrons create the induced voltage, the speed of the emitted signal does not exceed the speed of the electron. As we know, this is not faster than the speed of light, i.e. 300,000 km/s rounded up.
Here on Earth, this propagation speed is satisfactory, but in space it is a barrier to interactive (no-delay) communication. And in the cosmos, this system is completely useless, because even the nearest star to us would have a delay of 4 years before it would send a signal to us. That is why extraterrestrials do not use this obsolete method of communication. They use etheric particles, which flow at a speed 12 orders of magnitude faster than the electron. This method of signal transmission is not completely unknown to us either, because Tesla invented it 120 years ago, but no one bothered to use it. Instead, our civilisation introduced the Marconi system of communication based on transverse waves. But we would have been better off with Tesla's longitudinal-wave transmission method.
The ingenious communication system he invented was ready for practical application at the end of the 19th century. He designed not only the etheric receiver, but also the transmitter, and in a portable version. His 1899 description of the invention and the accompanying wiring diagrams are proof of this. But he considered the idea of a mobile phone, born over a hundred years ago, so futuristic that he did not even apply for a patent. Let's not forget that Popov was only experimenting with a scimitar at the end of the 19th century, and Marconi got as far as sending a Morse code signal across the Atlantic in 1901. The radio he developed became capable of transmitting speech in 1921. So Tesla had no hope of obtaining a patent for a radio telephone a quarter of a century earlier, before scientists even knew what a radio was.
Few people are aware of this fact in the history of technology. During the decades of communist dictatorship, children were taught in school that the inventor of the radio was the Russian Popov. In Western schools, the name of the Italian Marconi was drummed into children, even though Tesla, who lived in America, was way ahead of them all. After three decades of litigation, this was recognised by the US Supreme Court. In an unappealable decision, Tesla was awarded the right to invent the radio, but none of the people involved were alive at the time. And the world couldn't care less who invented the radio. People were happy that it had been born, and listened to the rapidly multiplying number of transmitters.
In the communications system we use, we produce a high-frequency carrier wave and superimpose the signal to be transmitted on it. This is called modulation. In the receiver, the demodulator separates the useful signal from the carrier wave and amplifies it to make it audible and watchable. This also sets the aether in motion, but we cannot use it because our receivers can only detect harmonic, transverse signals. We do not even pay attention to this side phenomenon because our experts have no idea that they are also transmitting etheric signals. However, extraterrestrials are aware of this phenomenon and even exploit it. This is why civilisations hundreds of light years away are constantly watching our TV programmes. Even civilisations thousands of light-years away have no problem with this, because the poor propagation properties of electromagnetic waves mean that we emit them at least a thousand times more intensely than we would need to detect them in the Milky Way.
The transversal signal decays, becomes smaller and smaller in amplitude after its appearance and then dies out. Therefore, care must be taken to ensure that the signals are continuously generated so that the field strength, and hence the volume in the receiver, does not diminish. Since the intensity of the transverse waves decreases in proportion to the square of the distance, maintaining the carrier waves at the same level also requires a great deal of energy. These effects together mean that a small power plant is needed to power our long- and medium-wave transmitting stations. (We currently drag a few gram-atoms of electrons back and forth in our several-tonne steel colossuses called antennas, with megawatts of energy input.
Backwards, however, this method doesn't work. We cannot intercept their communications because the receiver circuits we use can only detect transverse waves. This is why SETI participants cannot pick up any meaningful signals from space, even though we are almost inundated with magnetic waves from all over the world. We can't even detect the gigantic longitudinal waves of stellar explosions, which radiate almost instantaneously throughout the universe. This is why our radio telescopes can only study what the universe was like millions or billions of years ago. We have no idea what is happening in the universe at the moment.
Back to the question of excess energy production by means of transverse waves, electromagnetic energy cannot be produced. You need another wave. Fortunately, the situation is not completely hopeless. Indeed, nature produces a waveform whose strength does not diminish, but even increases as it progresses. This is the soliton wave, which, unlike a linear wave, travels for kilometres without damping. In free water, soliton waves are generated at the surface. The most frightening example of their generation is earthquake-generated tsunamis, which travel thousands of kilometres in the ocean before breaking on shallow shores and releasing their destructive energy. On 26 December 2004, an underwater earthquake of magnitude 9.3 sent a tsunami with a death toll of nearly a quarter of a million people across the Indian Ocean. Another interesting manifestation is a torrential tidal surge, when a wave generated by a tide rises up a river bed. The secret of their smooth progress is the ether. The soliton wave rises slowly and its height drops suddenly. As the wave height drops precipitously, ether particles flow into the resulting space. The etheric particles, which quickly enter the trough, push the water wave through inertia, causing it to move forward. This push is so strong that it keeps the wave from dying for a long time. And its power is colossal. On 9 July 1958, a 500-metre-high swell reached the coast of Alaska at a speed of 790 km/h.
The potential of soliton waves in the electrical industry was recognised by Nikola Tesla. He first studied its travel in gases. Very soon he realised that the excess energy generated by longitudinal waves is accumulated (added up) as they radiate. Taking advantage of this phenomenon, Tesla used longitudinal waves to create spheres of light, or glowing light in space. He accumulated so much energy in the air that it ionised the air molecules, turning them into plasma. In one of his favourite stunts, he put two metal plates down in the room and the surrounding air soon glowed with a uniform light. He also demonstrated a very high luminosity lamp resembling a gas-discharge fluorescent tube in lectures to the public in New York, London, Paris, Philadelphia and St Louis. (This was in fact an antenna which, when inserted into the tube, irradiated its interior with longitudinal waves.) In his memoirs he wrote of this tube: 'I have made very interesting experiments with vibrating columns of gas. I made some very interesting experiments with oscillating waves. The gas discharge tube was 1 inch in diameter and 1 meter long. I covered both ends and pumped air from it until the discharge started. Later it turned out that it was better to use only one electrode." With this tube, he could also generate energy. He once said that the greatest invention of his life was a tube from which a lot of energy could be extracted.
He told a journalist about this tube: "It's a new kind of tube and the apparatus that goes with it. As early as 1896 I used a tube that worked at 4 million volts. Later on I managed to reach 18 million volts, but then I ran into obstacles that seemed insurmountable. I became convinced that we had to develop a completely different type of tube to overcome these problems. This proved to be a much more difficult task than I had expected, not primarily in making the tube, but in making it work. For years, progress was slow. Then I achieved complete success. I invented a pipe that is difficult to improve. It is ideally simple, does not weaken over time and can be operated at any high potential or voltage. Quite high currents can flow through it and it can be used for energy conversion at any realistic level. It is easy to control and therefore I can expect very big results. Among other things, it will enable us to produce cheap radiative materials in any quantity, and will be much more efficient than converting material by artificial radiation."
His carbon-button lamp was a spherical vacuum tube. The only electrode was a circular flat plate of carbon, and the high-frequency current caused the gas to vibrate continuously inside the tube, glowing and giving off a beautiful light. This phenomenon was made possible by the constant bombardment of the electrode, the thinned gas (plasma) around the electrode vibrated at high speed and frequency. This curious little spherical lamp was also the ancestor of the electron microscope, because the device known as the ion microscope is based on a similar principle.
Tesla also created lossless lighting with these experiments. Longitudinal waves excited the fluorescent layer on the inside of the tube without any heat loss. (Even after 100 years, only 3% of the energy fed into our incandescent lamps is still used as light, while only 10% is used in our fluorescent tubes. The rest is converted into heat, wasted. This phenomenon is particularly unpleasant in film and TV studios, where poorly efficient lamps create a hellish heat. Temperatures of several hundred degrees Celsius will quickly destroy even an incandescent lamp, which burns out with a huge explosion.) Tesla's lamp, on the other hand, which is excited by magnetic pulses, never fails. Since it contains no filaments, there's nothing to go wrong. Even if air gets into it, it doesn't fail, because the light-emitting layer is not excited by electron emission in a vacuum, but by etheric energy particles that ionise the air molecules. It is likely to be the ideal light source of the future. The price will not be high either, as the electronic design of the soliton excitation is no more complex than that of a compact lamp.
By using soliton waves extensively, Tesla has also demonstrated motors that were connected to the grid with only one wire, with the energy propagating through the air instead of the other wire. Often interesting, unexpected results were achieved. One day, experimenting in the relatively clear air, he noticed that a fog had formed in the large laboratory so thick that he could barely see his hands. Although he did not set out in this direction, he felt that the effect could be used to irrigate dry places. Another interesting thing that can be gleaned from his diary is that strange fireballs appeared during his experiments and moved relatively slowly, usually in a horizontal direction. These fireballs were already known as ball lightning and Tesla had heard of them. Did he produce ball lightning? In any case, he describes it clearly in his diary. He argued that the initial energy might not be enough to keep the phenomenon alive, but that it would receive constant energy from the sparks around it, and so it could exist continuously. This theory was revived decades later by Nobel laureate Pyotr Kapica, but it has not been experimentally proven that these glowing spheres do indeed exhibit the same properties as the spherical lightning observed in nature.
It also soon became clear that soliton waves are most effective at exciting the aether. For this purpose, he built the famous Tesla coil, which he used to generate excitation voltages of several million volts. This was the way he wanted to realise his dream of wireless power transmission. Fortunately, it failed because he did not receive funding. If it had been realised, it would have created a strong electro smog in the area that would have destroyed the biosphere. The energy transmitted through the ether induces electricity not only in metal conductors but also in electrolytes (switched-off electric lights have been lit up for miles around Tesla's laboratory in Colorado Springs). Intense magnetic excitation also causes cancerous lesions in animals and plants. The energy should therefore not be transmitted either through the ether or through power lines, because even a high-voltage power line within a radius of 100 metres can cause cancer in living tissue. The energy must be generated on site, at the user, and transported by the shortest possible cable to the load, i.e. the power-consuming device.
As you can see, all of Tesla's inventions are based on the use of soliton waves, also known as translational waves. A soliton is a pulse with a slope greater than its rise time. Its regular waveform is not known but is already in use. In the fibre optic cables that make up optical fibres, soliton signal transmission ensures lossless transcontinental communication. It is this specific light wave that allows the Internet to cover the entire globe. After the failure of wireless power transmission, soliton excitation was reintroduced in the early 1930s. In developing the converter that bears his name, he soon realised that he could not do without soliton waves. The LC resonant circuits cascaded in a cascade, which were found to be suitable for energy multiplication, could not produce excess energy even when tuned to resonant frequencies. To do this, energy must be accumulated in the metallic conductors. In metallic conductors, energy is created by free electrons. So they have to be multiplied.
The soliton wave is also suitable for this, only the signal shape of the excitation current has to be modified. The sine waveform that allows harmonic oscillation must be replaced by a soliton-shaped excitation signal. Then, in the slow-ramp-up phase, conventional excitation takes place in the metallic conductor, in this case the inductance. However, after reaching its maximum value, the voltage is suddenly interrupted. The free electrons are then ordered back to the outermost electron shell of the metal atoms. The universe, however, cannot tolerate the vacuum and tries to fill it as soon as possible, so the free electrons are replaced by ether particles (ether ions) that penetrate the metallic conductor. They collide with the metallic atoms at a speed of up to 12 orders of magnitude greater than the speed of electrons, and separate large amounts of electrons from their outermost electron shells. Then comes another run-up phase of the soliton wave, which further increases the number of free electrons due to its excitation effect. Then the excitation stops again, and now even more free electrons are rearranged. This causes the gap in the metallic conductor to become even larger, allowing even more ether ions to flow in. Thus, cumulation occurs, which, multiplied in each step, results in significant excess energy. This then just needs to be coupled out of the converter. Of course, the multiplication process cannot go on indefinitely because the number of metal atoms in the thin copper wire of the inductance is limited. The next stage, however, contains a larger transformer with a thicker wire, so there is no obstacle to further multiplying the energy obtained.
Tesla and Moray transformed the excess high-voltage current produced by voltage multiplication at the end of the chain to a value that could be connected to ordinary electrical loads. This proportionally increased the load capacity of the converter, which meant that this particular device was capable of delivering currents in excess of 10 amperes in addition to the normal mains voltage. However, by increasing the number of voltage multiplying units, this capacity could be further increased. The circuit according to the invention was probably designed for this capacity because this power was already capable of meeting the needs of the time. The inventors also placed great emphasis on small size and portability, as they often had to demonstrate at public demonstrations that the box in which the device was housed could not accommodate a battery large enough to power an iron and high-intensity incandescent lamps connected to the output for hundreds of hours of observation. Ease of transport was also necessary because the device has been taken on more than one occasion in different vehicles to prove, in a remote desert or in the middle of the ocean, that the converter does not draw its energy from the power lines of inhabited settlements or from the signal of nearby radio transmitters, but actually generates it using the ether.
In devising the principle of energy multiplication, Tesla also chose parallel LC circuits because he had already realised during the design of the Tesla coil that the higher the voltage, the greater the soliton effect. By cascading the parallel LC circuits, it is possible to transform the voltage of each stage upwards. The primary winding of the twelfth stage probably already had a voltage as high as that measured in the series transformer (mill winding) of our cathode ray tube television. The Tesla converter is therefore quite dangerous. The breakdown strength of dry air is 21 kV/cm. In a room with humid air, this can be reduced by half. It is therefore strictly forbidden to touch the converter once it has been dismantled from its metal housing and connected. After disconnecting it, wait until the energy in the capacitors has been discharged.
Extra care must also be taken when reconstructing the converter, as even a careless movement can result in a fatal electric shock. (If it is unavoidable to touch a working appliance, put on rubber gloves used by electricians. And attach three catches to the ceiling above the appliance. On two of them, hang a sign above the appliance with the inscription: WARNING: HIGH VOLTAGE! For emphasis, paint a skull and crossbones underneath. From the third hook, hang a high-intensity incandescent lamp of at least 500 W, which, when switched off, is hung on the appliance. Reach in only when the light from the bulb goes out. This may keep you alive.
Developing the Tesla converter was not as easy as we might think today. The implementation of soliton excitation was not easy. At the time of Tesla's work, at the end of the 19th century, there were no diodes, no transistors, and even less a signal generator. Tesla used a spark gap generator to produce soliton waves. (He called this mechanical signal generator a specially designed alternator.) This mechanical signal generator is nothing more than a converted alternating current motor. In this case, the electric machine is not a motor, but a generator. Now, an external motor must be used to drive the single-phase AC motor and the soliton signal must be diverted from it by the carbon brush. The AC generator is not suitable for this purpose, because the current generated in it is not conducted by a commutator but by slip rings. The spark gap, which is very important here, is therefore eliminated. The asynchronous motor is also not suitable because it has no commutator due to the short-circuited rotor. The excitation current flows up the commutator plates and is then suddenly interrupted by the insulating gaps between the commutator plates. The excitation is then stopped. This creates a continuous wave consisting of signals with a slow rise and then a fast decay. This is nothing other than a soliton wave. Tesla didn't know this because at the time there was no name for this generating nonlinear wave.
The imitators also found a simple method to produce soliton waves. They fixed an insulating disk perpendicular to the axis of an electric motor, on which they had previously formed metal lamellae. A carbon brush was pressed against this, which acted like a commutator as the disc rotated. However, it was not mechanically stable. Today, there is no need to struggle with mechanical generators that are unreliable and subject to wear and tear, because transistorised and now integrated amplifier signal generators produce signals of stable frequency and shape. With this in mind, it is easy to revive this device.
Because of the mechanical method of generation, Tesla struggled a lot with the tuning of the converter. He solved the problem of tuning each stage to its resonant frequency by making the iron core of the transformer's primary winding movable in and out, and by inserting a variable-capacitance capacitor between the high-frequency generator and the primary winding. We can use this method effectively to bring the board model to life. By rotating the capacitor and adjusting the amount of insertion of the iron core, we can quickly tune to the resonant frequency. Instead of a rotary capacitor, we can also use a capacitive decadic cabinet, but the coil cannot be replaced by an inductive decadic cabinet, because here we do not need to tune a simple inductance, but a transformer. In the final version of the converter, there is no longer room for a push-in iron core. At the end of the development, precisely sized transformers (operating at resonant frequency) must be used. This can be achieved by reducing or increasing the number of turns of the primary and secondary windings.
In our experiments, we should not forget that we are dealing with high frequency excitation, so we have to use ferrite core transformers. A conventional soft iron plate transformer saturates above 150 Hz. To reduce the risk of breakdown, the output transformer should be modelled on the old cathode ray tube transformer of the old cathode ray tube television sets. This type of design provided a high degree of safety for the excitation of colour television picture tubes up to 45 kV. Tesla set the excitation frequency to between 20 and 30 kHz. This does not mean, of course, that we cannot try higher values. With signal generator excitation, there is no problem. Tesla was not able to do this because he could not spin the AC motor producing the soliton wave at too high a speed. (There are ferrite cores that can be operated up to 1 MHz, but all ferrite core transformers can be excited up to 60 kHz.) With antenna excitation, we will not be able to do this because in this classical version the frequency of the aether noise clearly determines the resonant frequency of each stage.
The next step in the reconstruction is therefore soliton excitation. This is not easy for us either, because there are currently no soliton generators in production. The signal generators on the market, also known as function generators, function generators or signal generators, produce sine wave, square wave and sawtooth signals. However, the bisected sine signal is probably suitable for this purpose. Connect it to the input of the first stage and set its frequency to the resonant frequency of the LC circuit tested earlier. We find that the resonant circuit works, but does not produce excess current. Despite the soliton excitation, the current in the resonant circuit does not increase, but only circulates. The capacitor is charged when the signal rises and discharged when it falls. Its energy is transferred to the inductance. The magnetic field of the inductance then collapses and its energy flows in the opposite direction into the capacitor. The coil and the capacitor alternately act as energy source and energy storage. The result is oscillation.
However, what we need now is not an oscillator operating at resonant frequency, but an energy absorber. We can achieve this by preventing oscillation and preventing magnetic energy from flowing back into the coil. Tesla solved this problem very simply. He inserted a diode between the coil and the capacitor. Since current can only flow in one direction through the diode, it cannot flow backwards. So there is no oscillation. Tesla put this requirement as follows. In producing this wave, harmonic oscillations must not be allowed, the current pulses must be unidirectional." Since the current cannot flow backwards, the next soliton wave will build on the previous one. This increases the energy in the inductance, in this case the primary winding of the transformer. Moray called this process "winding". Tesla's configuration is only apparently similar to conventional transformers, the mechanism of operation being very different. This circuit is nothing more than a cumulator combined with a transformer. The voltage of the energy waves collected by the cumulator is transmitted by the transformer by transforming it up.
Now there is no obstacle to the production of excess energy. However, it does not go very far. Although soliton waves can generate a lot of power, they can only do so if they have a lot of mass. In circuits with low-mass components, they cannot produce several kilowatts of excess current. The voltage of the electricity produced can be increased to millions of volts, but the current will be small. Tesla's spectacular demonstrations of this power flowing through himself on more than one occasion prove this. The high-frequency, high-voltage current passing through him did him no harm, though sparks did fly from him and he himself swam in the darkness in a ghostly blaze of light. The low current and the skin effect did him no harm. If he touched a 750,000-volt transmission line like that, he'd burn to a cinder. There's electricity in it. Despite the low amperage, the multi-stage converter provided at least 10 kW of additional energy. The diodes were also involved in the power generation.
Since there was no oscilloscope in Tesla's day, the inventor was unaware that the high metal content of cold cathode electron tube diodes had a negative internal resistance. This means that they not only rectify, but also produce excess energy. And not a little of it. We can use this additional energy, but in the age of semiconductors, it is more complicated to achieve. The main problem is that conventional double-layer germanium and silicon diodes do not have negative internal resistance. Tunnel diodes (Esaki diodes and backward or Gunn diodes) do. But these diodes have very low reverse voltages. They could only be used in the first three stages. In the further stages, they would become short-circuited due to the voltage build-up. For these grades, a tunnel diode with a high closing voltage is needed. This can only be achieved by adding a low-doped semiconductor layer to the tunnel diode. This three-layer diode can be used in all stages because it has a low opening voltage and a high closing voltage.
Such a diode is not yet produced anywhere. However, the possibility exists. One of my inventions of forty years ago can presumably satisfy these two requirements. The functional and patent description of my invention, "Field Electric Semiconductors", can be found in the Kun Electronic Library. A semiconductor factory would have to manufacture samples and measure them. If their threshold voltage drops to near zero and their load characteristics bend back strongly, we have a winning case. In this case, there is nothing to stop us from reconstructing the Tesla converter with modern components.
Nor do we have to wait for the samples of field-electric semiconductors to arrive. Although pnp-type transistors only rarely exhibit negative internal resistance, the majority of npn-type transistors do. This is most evident in the 2N1613 transistor. npn transistors are very easy to convert to field effect diodes. All that is needed is to short-circuit their base electrode to their collector electrode. You have a bipolar power-generating diode. The only drawback is that its threshold voltage is 0.6 V, so it can only be used in stages where the primary coil voltage is well above this value. In the last stages, high current transistors are needed. Therefore, the load characteristics of high power npn transistors should be measured and the one with the most bias curve should be chosen.
Using semiconductor diodes and a stable signal generator, it may be easy to build a Tesla converter with fewer cascaded stages. No adjustment of the signal generator is needed, because it has no moving parts and requires no maintenance. Of course, a whole signal generator does not have to be built into a series-produced Tesla converter. Only the circuit that produces the split sine wave needs to be mounted on a small panel. This should be designed as a CMOS circuit (p and n type FETs) to minimise the current consumption. If we are designing a miniature signal generator, it would be worthwhile to develop a type where the sine wave is not cut in two, but just pre-decided, like a natural soliton wave. In this way, sine waves similar to those of a rapids would be generated. Such waves can be seen in videos showing surfers. For experimental purposes, a second potentiometer should be fitted in addition to the frequency-control potentiometer to vary the rightward slope of the sine curve. By alternating the two types of signal, it would be possible to decide which excites the Tesla converter more efficiently.
The most suitable battery to power it would be the lithium battery used in notebooks. This long-life battery can power the Tesla converter for up to 10 years. For operational safety, the battery should be connected to the excitation circuit with a soldered connection. The battery holder in portable devices cannot be used here. The spring contacts will corrode over time, resulting in power failure. Some devices, such as computers, will stop working after only a few hundredths of a second of power failure. In the event of a power failure, neither word processing programs nor the operating system will return the opened document, so the whole day's work can be lost. And if you use the Tesla converter in a car, the battery can easily be ripped out of the battery compartment. This can cut off the power to the engine, which can cause a fatal accident.
A better solution is to use the voltage fed back from the output to power the signal generator. The consumption of a few milliamperes can be provided by a small transformer and a valve transistor stabilised by a Zener diode on its base. The disadvantage of this solution is that a small inductor is required to revive the signal generator. This is nothing else than a soliton coil with a high field magnet rod pushed inside. (Tesla used it to revive his converter.) This can be automated with a push-button solution. Pressing the start button a few times charges a buffer capacitor, which, when connected to the signal generator's supply voltage, can start the circuit. Tesla did not have a signal generator solution because transistors were not available at the time. He could only generate soliton waves with a commutator motor. However, the installation of such a motor would have significantly increased the size of the converter and would have consumed a significant part of the extra current. He therefore used ether noise for excitation. However, this method requires a zero threshold voltage diode, which is unlikely to be produced from a semiconductor.
A major drawback of this converter is that it has to be excited. And the Tesla-built version did not need a signal generator (alternator). The version built into his car was self-excited. All it needed was an antenna. The signal was provided by the ether noise collected by the antenna. This could presumably be any movement that disrupts the smooth flow of the subatomic energy particles that make up the aether. Such an effect could be caused by sound vibrations in the air, wind, vehicle motion, rain, lightning or any mechanical change of position that might occur on a living planet. To this must be added electromagnetic emissions (radio waves, signals emitted by television transmitters or mobile phone signals). However, these are not included in the excitation because the valve diodes of the converter exclude harmonic electromagnetic waves from the excitation. The Tesla converter collects neither the excess energy nor the excitation energy from nearby transmitters. It uses only longitudinal waves.
The signal from the cosmic background radiation is not large, but it is sufficient to compensate in the input stage for the loss due to the thermal motion of the electrons as they collide with each other. In the following stages, this is no longer a problem, because after the energy has accumulated and the voltage has been transformed, this loss plays a negligible role. The existence of ether noise is easily verified by turning on the radio or television. If you tune your radio between two stations in the VHF band, you will hear a hissing sound. This is the ether noise. On television, we can also see ether noise, also known as cosmic background radiation. If we stray to a channel that is not broadcasting, we also hear a hissing noise and black and white dots appear on the screen in chaotic motion.
In his patent specification, Tesla also provided a circuit diagram of the input stage. But he did not describe the frequency at which it should be tuned. Therefore, we have to measure the frequency of the ether noise and tune the resonance frequency of the first and subsequent stages to this value. For tuning, first use an Esaki or backward diode. If the threshold voltage of this diode is too high, and therefore the few milliwatts of energy that can be extracted from the wire antenna cannot pass through it, then the n-type field diode suggested above should be tried. In principle, this has a threshold voltage close to zero. The creation of this diode was a problem from the very beginning. All we know about the diode material is that Moray experimented with germanium, molybdenum sulphide and bismuth crystals in the 1920s and 1930s. The degree of doping must have been important, because he was constantly concerned to clarify the chemical composition of the crystal. This suggests that this particular device was a rudimentary tunnel diode based on germanium. Tesla also used a cold-cathode electron tube for this purpose. (If fabricated in miniature, this component would take up no more space than a discrete transistor.)
When reviving the input stage, it should be remembered that this circuit, even using a zero threshold voltage diode, does not supply enough voltage to revive the additional stages. The ether noise can only cover the loss in the LC circuit. To turn on the converter, a starting pulse is required as mentioned above. In other words, a voltage must then be applied to the input stage for a pulse that far exceeds the signal level provided by the ether noise. After that, the continuous excitation can be provided by the antenna. Tesla used external magnetic excitation for this purpose. Presumably he inserted two magnet rods of opposite poles into the system, while Moray used a horseshoe magnet to "caress" a component covered with black tape. In all probability, this unit was a coil that, when magnetically excited, was capable of inducing a voltage sufficient to bring the circuit to life, providing the initial voltage needed to start it.
However, at the current state of electronics, this problem can be solved more elegantly. The simplest way to construct an inductor connected to the first stage is to use an electric pushbutton. Attach a small bar magnet to the end of its shaft and place a solenoid made of enamelled copper wire around it. When the push-button is pressed, a voltage is induced in the coil that can revive the converter. Since piezoelectric crystals did not exist at the beginning of Tesla's work at the end of the 19th century, it would be worth putting a small piezoelectric coil behind the push-button shaft. (Beware of using piezo igniters in lighters, used in gas stoves and built into gas convectors. These are fitted with multiple coils stacked on top of each other and the thousands of volts they generate will short-circuit the converter. (The output voltage of a gas stove igniter is 15 kV.)
The output transformer must be designed to transform several kilovolts of voltage to an effective voltage of 230V (110V). This raw electricity is already perfectly suitable to power a heating coil (radiator, electric stove, water boiler). To ensure that the pulsating direct current does not interfere with nearby communications equipment, the output voltage can be smoothed by a high-capacity electronic capacitor. Before doing this, there is one more thing to try. If we introduce current in the form of soliton waves into the heating elements, the aether in the heating filament will also help to multiply electrons. This means that the heater cartridge can handle less current, with a smaller converter attached. For fire safety, the converter should not be left switched on when not in use. The easiest way to turn it off is to ground its antenna. For this purpose, an additional push button should be fitted on the front panel. If a soliton signal generator is used, the generator power shall be switched off.
The finished converter only needs to be protected against short-circuits. Without it, the converter would overheat and burn out in the event of a consumer short circuit. In the event of overload, one of its components would fail. The simplest and cheapest solution for short-circuit protection is a fuse. However, this is not recommended, firstly because it increases the internal resistance of the power supply, which impairs the stability and load capacity of the converter. More importantly, in the event of a short circuit, the user does not have a spare fuse, so the blown fuse is "blown". This will cause the converter to burn out. Recognising this danger, households have already stopped using fusible links. Nowadays, all homes have a circuit breaker that will trip in the event of a fault. In this case, all you have to do is to remove the short-circuiting device and then turn the circuit breaker back on.
The disadvantage of the circuit breaker is that it also increases the internal resistance of the power supply and is not fast enough. The tripping is done by an electromagnet with the mains current flowing through the coil. In the event of a short-circuit, the electromagnet pulls a trip wire, which breaks the circuit. Instead, the parallel short-circuit monitoring circuit that I have invented should be used. None of its sensing elements are in series with the supply current, so it does not increase the internal resistance of the power supply. Another big advantage is that it has no reaction time. Since the electromechanical switching element is tripped by the opening contact rather than the closing contact, the response time of this overload protection circuit is zero. Its manufacturing cost is no higher than the purchase cost of a relay. The invention entitled Short-circuit protection (Controllable electromechanical overcurrent and short-circuit protection for any type of power supply) can also be downloaded from the Kun Electronic Library.
For high power Tesla converters of several kilowatts, it is not necessary to use a large relay. Inexpensive, small relays can also be used for disconnection. In this case, the antenna must be grounded or the signal generator supply voltage must be interrupted in case of overload. A hermetically sealed reed relay is ideal for this purpose. In cars or aircraft subject to vibration, however, the use of mechanical switching elements is risky. They can shake (bounce). There is also a risk of contact chafing due to outdoor use. Therefore, in this case, it is advisable to incorporate a varistor in the stabiliser supplying the signal generator, which will cut off the signal generator supply in the event of a significant output voltage drop. In the absence of a signal generator, the Tesla converter will shut down, which does not happen immediately. The supply voltage drops to zero only after a few tenths of a second, because the energy in the capacitors must be burned out through the load.
Once the Tesla converter is reconstructed, manufacturers of electronic devices will most likely switch to converter power. They will incorporate a Tesla converter in their products, sized to match the power consumption of the device. However, they cannot do this with the appliances they have previously produced and sold. They still have to be powered from an external power supply. It will also take 10 to 15 years before the communication equipment, jukeboxes and computers currently in use become obsolete and are replaced. However, mains electricity is not needed to power these devices either. For this purpose, a portable or wheeled converter should be provided, which should be supplemented by an inverter. The inverter converts the pulsating direct current into alternating current of 230 (110) volts at 50 (60) Hz. This portable converter is likely to be used for a long time in the long run, because it is not possible to install the converter in hand-held appliances (e.g. hair dryer, electric shaver). This would increase the size and weight of the device to an extent that would make it unmanageable. However, it is conceivable that manufacturers could include an adaptor with their portable devices that contains a mini Tesla converter. As with charging adaptors for mobile phones, these small converters could be standardised to be used with any type of device from other manufacturers. So for both hairdryers and electric shavers, make only one type of adapter.
ircraft designers are also waiting for the Tesla converter like the Messiah. Unlike electric cars, converting aircraft to electric propulsion is impossible at the current level of technology. This is due to the low energy density of lithium-ion batteries, i.e. how much energy they can store per unit mass. For the most advanced batteries available today, this value is 400 Wh/kg. In contrast, kerosene, the fuel used to power aircraft, has an energy density of 12 000 Wh/kg. That is, it contains thirty times as much energy. The take-off weight of a B737 passenger aircraft is min. The maximum take-off weight of a B737 aircraft is 80 tonnes. Of this, 21 tonnes is kerosene. To replace that much kerosene, 630 tonnes of batteries would be needed. With this extra weight, the aircraft would not be able to take off.
The situation is not much better for hybrid aircraft. In this system, a gas turbine on board generates electricity to power the electric motors of the propeller-driven aircraft. Since a propeller-driven aircraft can use only 20% of petrol and the electric motor is more than 80% efficient, the 30-fold weight gain can be reduced by a factor of ten. However, this also requires a split propulsion system, cryocoolers and superconducting engines. This in turn makes the production cost of the aircraft significantly more expensive. Airlines would even accept this, but the tenfold increase in fuel would reduce the range of their aircraft by a tenth. This would mean that intercontinental flights would be eliminated. Even within a continent, passengers would only be able to get from one country to another with multiple connecting flights.
Another problem is the speed reduction. A propeller-driven passenger aircraft can fly at around 600 km/h, compared with 900 km/h for the jet passenger aircraft currently in use. (The Boeing 787 Dreamliner can briefly exceed the speed of sound, i.e. 1225 km/h.) And the Concorde jet aircraft had a maximum speed of 2,754 km/h.) The almost halving of the airspeed would double the journey time, which would not please passengers. The best solution would be an antigravity engine. It would need no fuel, weigh negligible compared to the weight of the vehicle, cost minimal to produce and have a maximum speed of 72 000 km/h at 32 km altitude after leaving the airspace. The only problem is that nobody believes it is feasible, so nothing is being done to make it happen.
With the development of the antigravity engine, road and sea freight transport will be shifted to the air. But this will take decades. In the meantime, cruise ships and cargo ships would have to be converted to electric propulsion. In these monsters, diesel engines consume 300-400 tonnes of gas oil a day. So the fuel consumption of a single container lorry is equivalent to that of about 50,000 cars. It is estimated that at least 100,000 of these are constantly sailing the seas, transporting goods from one continent to another. This means burning 35 million tonnes of diesel every day. This means that cargo ships alone consume eight times more fuel than the world's passenger car fleet combined. Multi-decker cruise liners consume similar amounts of fuel to container ships, and there are at least a few thousand of them on the water. To sum up, mega-cargo and passenger ships at sea consume ten times more fuel than the world's total passenger car fleet. And that's just the consumption!
In terms of pollutant emissions, the situation is much worse because passenger cars use less polluting refined petrol and diesel. Container trucks, on the other hand, use the worst quality diesel oil, which is very high in sulphur. While sulphur emissions from cars are strictly regulated, the limit for marine fuel is four thousand times higher. So while their carbon dioxide emissions are only ten times higher, their sulphur dioxide emissions, which are extremely harmful to health, are 40,000 times higher than those of all the world's cars. In terms of sulphur emissions alone, a cruise ship emits as much sulphur dioxide as 200 million cars.
The situation is not much better for passenger aircraft. On average, they consume between 4 and 10 tonnes of kerosene per hour, which translates into an average of 200 tonnes of fuel per day. Statistics show that an average of 25,000 passenger and cargo aircraft are in the air at any one time. Their total consumption is 5 million tonnes of kerosene per day. This is just the equivalent of the daily consumption of all passenger cars.
When developing the circuit board model, avoid the plug-in, flying lead connections that are fashionable nowadays. When these miniature banana plug wires are connected, a contact potential occurs which prevents the transmission of signals of a few millivolts. In addition, both the plug and the sleeve can corrode, leading to contact failure. Instead, use a classic modeling board with a tubular rivet. Drill a 2 cm square hole through a 4-5 mm thick textile bakelite plate, insert a 3-4 mm diameter copper rivet into each hole, bend the other end back with a dowel and hammer, and run a soldering iron through it. Screw a plastic foot into each of the four corners of the textile baking sheet to avoid burning the table during soldering. Solder the legs of the components and the connecting wires to these tin-plated pipe rivets. Use insulated cable twisted from hair-thin tin-plated copper wires as connecting wire.
Also ensure that the soldering iron is clean. Always have a piece of resin next to the soldering iron, and prick it to remove the reed from the tip of the iron. Only use a resin soldering iron for soldering. To protect the components, the soldering iron should not be used with an operating voltage of more than 12V. When selecting components, use good quality foil capacitors (e.g. stiroflex, polypropylene, epoxy resin). Since the electrolytic capacitor is polarized and has a high leakage current, its use should be avoided.
Once the board model is operational, it is time for technology and industrial design. The components must be mounted on printed circuit boards or on a base plate made of thick textile bacelite, and the transformers must be placed on it so that their mass is balanced in the coffee. In this way, the converter will not tip over when lifted, and moving and transporting it will not be an accident hazard. For reasons of protection against contact and to avoid spillage with communications equipment, the apparatus shall be enclosed in a soft iron case approximately 1 mm thick, with a threaded stub welded on the back. Grounding can be carried out by means of this threaded bushing fitted with two nuts and a spring washer. The inner metal casing can be covered by a plastic housing with a design. This should be moulded from unattractive polystyrene, which is fragile. Polycarbonate is not good either because it is expensive. PVC is best because it is cheap and flexible.
After making it, you need to test whether the Tesla converter emits magnetic radiation. The easiest way to do this is to use a compass to approach the grounded metal housing. If there is significant magnetic emission, this should be noted in the instructions for use. In this case, the situation is complicated because you need to check how much this affects your health. Unfortunately, magnetic radiation cannot be shielded because etheric particles penetrate all materials. If the radiation is strong, there is a "mouse path" for us. Set the frequency of the soliton wave to 28 kHz. At this frequency, the etheric radiation has a healing effect on the body. (Keeping animals at home will also be a problem, because animals have an alpha brain frequency and are therefore very sensitive to magnetic radiation. In this case, our civilisation will have to decide what is more important, the environment, brain energy or the keeping of dogs, cats and other pets.)
Since the Tesla converter is a revolutionary esoteric device in our world, it is likely to be looked upon with aversion and fear. To reassure consumers, the following text should be included in the instructions for use:
The Tesla converter harnesses the kinetic energy of electrons flowing in parallel LC circuits, with transformer spin-off. The excess energy is due to the amplification effect of the rectifier diodes of the 12 stages, which is due to the negative internal resistance. To this is added the additional energy from soliton excitation and the tuning of the last stage to resonant frequency. Since the operation of this generator is based on a well-known basic electrical circuit, the parallel LC resonant circuit, the device does not emit electromagnetic, radioactive or other harmful radiation. Its use does not involve any harm or danger. There is even no risk of electric shock on earthed mains power lines. However, it is strictly forbidden to touch the output terminals at the same time, as this generator also supplies the same voltage as the mains lead. Therefore, the consequences of electric shock resulting from inattention or carelessness are the same. Nor is it less current-carrying than the mains supply. The Tesla converter is therefore capable of supplying the entire power supply of a family house.
The reconstruction of this converter will certainly revolutionise the world's energy supply. As the cost of producing Tesla converters is low, there will be no need to consolidate energy in buildings within each municipality. In fact, because they are cheap to produce, they can be used to power each individual consumer with a separate generator. The power circuit can also be built into the consumer's appliance housing. This eliminates the need for power cords. This also eliminates the electrosmog emitted by the power cables running through the room. So this power supply system not only provides free electricity, it is also good for your health. As these converters have no moving parts, they require no maintenance and cost no more than the purchase price of an average household robot, they can be used to provide individual power supplies for homes without any difficulty. In this way, not only high-voltage transmission lines can be eliminated, but also the electrical interconnection cables within a municipality can be eliminated. This will save countries and citizens a huge burden and expense.
In our domestic context, the Paks nuclear power plant currently generates electricity for HUF 8 per kW. This is passed on to consumers by the electricity companies for 42 cents. What is the point of paying a 500% premium for electricity when it can be produced locally, and for free. It is completely unnecessary to build and maintain thousands of kilometres of high-voltage and low-voltage transmission lines, thousands of transformer stations and then install millions of electricity meters to measure consumption. Not to mention the fact that centralised electricity supply can be cut off at any time. Storms or ice can tear down power lines, fallen trees can damage local overhead cables, and lightning strikes can burn out high-voltage transformers. Underground cables are not safe either, as they are torn up by road construction and maintenance machinery. There is also the danger of wiring up buildings. Worldwide, thousands of industrial plants and homes burn down every year due to partial damage caused by poorly installed cables.
Just as much trouble and just as dangerous is the maintenance of thousands of kilometres of gas pipelines, which is also unnecessary. If sufficient electricity is available, the use of relatively cheap gas is unnecessary. The gas pipes will be removed from the walls of your buildings along with the electricity, giving your houses back their natural appearance. (With the switch to electric heating, there will be no need to build chimneys on the roofs of your houses.) There will be no more gas explosions, no more fires caused by electrical blackouts. By dismantling radio, TV, mobile phone and other microwave towers and removing power lines, the landscape will be more beautiful and our neighbourhood more liveable. The harmonious landscape of thousands of years ago will return without having to give up our civilisational achievements. And with the end of power stations, explosive vehicles and fossil fuel heating, global warming will stop and, in time, nature will regenerate. The Earth's mineral reserves will not be exhausted prematurely either, as millions of tonnes of easily smelted iron and copper are produced from dismantled power lines worldwide, providing decades of raw material for industry.
The Tesla converter could also help to overcome water shortages. (Only three percent of the earth's water supply is freshwater, and even four-fifths of that is used for agriculture. That means that nearly eight billion people share less than half a percent of the total global water supply.) Developing countries already face a shortage of clean water. In coastal countries, fresh water is produced from seawater. But this process has not become widespread because it is very expensive. Filtering the water by osmosis requires electricity, which is expensive. (4.5 kilowatt-hours of electricity are needed to produce 1,000 litres of water.) Distillation is also very energy-intensive. However, the energy generated by the Tesla converter is free, which allows distillation to be used on a wide scale. (The latter process does not require an expensive membrane filter.) Boiling water with the Tesla converter also eliminates pollution because it does not require power plant electricity. Fossil fuels will not be needed either (Saudi Arabia currently uses one and a half million barrels of oil a day to power its desalination plants.)
(71% of the Earth's surface is covered by seas and oceans, at an average depth of 3 km.) In the future, there will be no obstacle to transporting desalinated water over long distances. With the disappearance of gas and oil transport due to free energy, the remaining pipelines will be able to transport fresh water to the interior of continents. Europe will also need this, because global warming will cause the glaciers in the Alps to melt, drying up rivers in the summer and cutting off the water supply to large cities. This could even cause a pandemic. Just think what would happen if Budapest's water supply were to be cut off overnight. (This could easily happen, because our capital is almost entirely supplied by the Danube. Without water, it would be impossible to bake, cook, wash dishes, do the washing up, water the garden. 2 million people would not be able to clean themselves, nor would they have enough water to flush the toilet. In a matter of days, this would create an epidemic risk so great that the entire capital would have to be evacuated. (The entire stretch of the Danube currently supplies tap water to 20 million people, and is the source of drinking water for many.)
The Tesla converter is a very useful thing, but we can't use it everywhere. Today, everything is over-miniaturised and the "flat" mania is raging. Not just smartphones, but televisions, computer monitors, and more recently notebooks, are getting flatter. A 7-8 mm thick device will not fit a Tesla converter's fist-sized output transformer. An electronic converter would be needed to power these devices. A circuit consisting of semiconductors or flat capacitors at most. An electronic transformer capable of transforming the weak signal from the input stage of the Tesla converter without an inductor (transformer). Sooner or later someone will invent this converter.
In the meantime, it might be worth looking at the Greinacher-Willard connection. The cascade voltage multiplier diodes and capacitors can be used to increase the connected voltage to any value. Increasing the voltage supplied by the input stage of the Tesla converter by a few millivolts to several volts is therefore not a problem, but it does not increase the power. Soliton feeding is not an obstacle here either. Although the Greinacher-Willard circuit requires an AC supply, a signal generator can also be used to produce a halved sine wave, or soliton, signal from a regular sine wave. A Graetz rectifier bridge is then connected to the end of the converter to convert the AC current into DC current. The pulsation of the current can be eliminated by a high-capacitance electronic capacitor. The use of field diodes is not an obstacle here either, so it is likely that a large amount of excess energy can be extracted from this converter.
If the energy multiplied up to 5V for smartphones or 12V for notebooks is not sufficient to power the device, the voltage will have to be multiplied further, increasing the number of rectifier bridges connected in the cascade. In this case the output voltage can be several hundred volts. To reduce this, a transformer would be needed. This does not fit in the device. There is, however, a workaround, the switching power supply. Until about 1990, the power supply for computers contained a soft-iron transformer weighing several kilograms. Then came the switching power supply, which, despite delivering 500-600 W of power, is almost as light as a feather.
This is made possible by the fact that the transforming is not done at 50-60 Hz but at 20-50 kHz. The mains voltage is first rectified and then buffered (stored in a capacitor, smoothed). It is then clipped using a transistor. The current, with a frequency of about 30 kHz, is then passed to a pulse transformer. The voltage coming off the secondary winding is rectified by a fast switching Schottky diode, then filtered and buffered. Finally, the voltage regulation electronics follow. This also works differently from linear voltage regulators because it is done by varying the pulse width. (The higher the power load, the wider the pulses applied to the transformer.)
The design of a switching power supply may seem complicated compared to a linear transformer, but it has one big advantage. Since the voltage transformation is done at high frequency, a much smaller iron core is needed. Even in the power supply of a high-performance desktop computer, there is only a tiny ferrite-core transformer. Since a notebook consumes one tenth of the power of a desktop computer and a smartphone one hundredth, the size of a ferrite core or ferrite ring transformer can be further reduced. Small enough to fit in a small flat box. It is advisable to use a flat or planar iron core. In this solution, the coil can be formed on the printed circuit board by etching it into the copper foil. The printed circuit coil itself has very low inductance. And the planar iron core placed on it thickens it considerably. Today, however, iron core coils are also produced in printed circuit design. In this solution, a ferromagnetic layer is applied to the inner layer of the substrate using nanotechnology. Using a double-layer substrate, this process can also be used to create a toroidal coil in printed circuit form.
Another major advantage of voltage conversion with a switching power supply is that while conventional transformers made of soft iron plates have an efficiency of up to 85%, switching power supplies can have an efficiency of more than 95%. However, the real size and price reduction is not achieved with this, but with the voltage stabilisation circuit that follows. While the voltage of a plate transformer can only be stabilised using a series valve transistor process, this is much easier to achieve with switching power supplies. As the load increases, only the width of the switching signals needs to be increased, with no loss of power. The valve transistor solution requires a much higher input voltage to stabilise the output voltage. The difference between the two voltages generates a significant excess power in the stabilizer, which is dissipated by the valve transistor, converting it into heat. For this reason, the efficiency of linear power supplies is only 40 %. Another factor contributing to its size reduction is the absence of a heat sink, which protects the valve transistor from overheating in linear power supplies.
Since the permeability of a ferrite iron core is much lower than that of a soft iron core, many may wonder how it is possible to make a power supply with much better efficiency than soft iron transformers. This is because, unlike a soft iron core, a ferrite core can be excited at high frequencies, up to several hundred kHz. This has made it possible to create small and cheap switching power supplies. Yes, but increasing the operating frequency alone does not increase the efficiency of the transformer. This is already happening in switching mode power supplies. So much so that their efficiency exceeds that of soft-iron transformers. This is due to the high frequency excitation. It is very likely that, as with soliton excitation, ethereal particles enter the copper coil when the square wave excitation is used. As the square wave propagates, the interatomic space is emptied and filled by aether ions. These collide with the copper atoms, separating significant amounts of free electrons from their outer electron shells. The higher the frequency, the more they irritate the copper atoms. The resulting extra electrons increase the efficiency of the ferrite-core transformers. (If this is proven, scientists will be struck by the fact that the ether they have declared non-existent is already involved in the transformation.)
Now there is only one unpleasant side effect of using a Tesla converter: the antenna. Tesla used an antenna nearly 2 meters long, while Moray used an antenna 150 meters long. When used in a car, stretching out the 2 metre insulated copper wire is not a problem. For electronic devices, however, it is a problem. It is useless to get rid of the mains cable if the Tesla converter's antenna is still hanging out of it and cackling along the wall. And with mobile phones, it is particularly dangerous to drag a 2 metre long cord behind you. A solution would be to wind up the antenna and hide it inside the casing. Wrapped around the inside wall of the cabin, it would not take up much space. The question is whether the converter works this way. It would probably not detect enough ether noise in this form. Therefore, it would definitely have to be switched to signal generator excitation.
The most ideal way to do this would be to use a signal generator that does not require any power supply and does not need an antenna. It emits energy from itself, which can then be used for excitation. This could be a crystal. Unfortunately, there is no crystal in nature that can do this. There are radiation sources, but they are not suitable for us. Radioactive isotopes emit very high energy, but they are both dangerous and electrically useless. The alpha, beta or gamma rays they emit cannot induce a current in the electromagnet. However, the situation is not hopeless. Esotericism, which is anathema to official science, can help us out of our predicament. The solution is quite transcendental, but we should get used to the idea that in the future science, religion and esotericism will merge and become a highly effective common science.
We were at the point where we needed a crystal that emitted magnetic energy. We would just have to surround it with a solenoid or put it in a toroidal coil and the electromagnetic energy induced by the crystal could be conducted out of it. But we do not have such a natural crystal. There is a crystal with magnetic emission (e.g. magnetite), but it is a permanent magnet. And permanent magnets can only induce when they are moved. We need a crystal that pulsates. No one has ever heard of such a crystal, but it exists. We just don't know what it pulsates and why. Those familiar with the esoteric literature will be familiar with the reports of the Bosnian pyramids. They mention that inside one of the 30,000-year-old pyramids is a huge stone weighing 800 kg. This disc-shaped stone, called Megalith K-2, emits positive magnetic radiation at a frequency of 28 kHz. Therefore, anyone who lies on this stone will, after a while, be charged with etheric radiation, which will make them feel better. And after repeated use, you will be cured or your illnesses will become bearable.
We should investigate what is emitting the health promoting or disease healing 28 kHz frequency. Is it the stone block or the source of the radiation underneath? We also have such an etheric radiation source in Tápiószentmárton on Attila Hill. Many people come here for healing. The famous Hungarian miracle horse, Kincsem, was filled with positive energy here. His owner rested him here between two races. On his way home, he lay down on Attila Hill next to his stable to recharge. It was due to the ethereal energy that he was entered in 56 races and won all 56. Unfortunately, you can't climb down in these places to find the source of the radiation. Most likely, we wouldn't find it either, because these rays are created by a geological anomaly from deep within. A lava flow or the intersection of the earth's dragon lines can trigger such radiation. And we can't mine that in crystal form.
In the past, we would have had easier access to devices that emit magnetic radiation. By examining them, we could have found out what makes them radiate. We know from the Bible that Noah was given a "luminous stone" by God to keep him from having to light a fire in the darkness of the ark. And medieval records mention everlasting lanterns. In 1401, the tomb of the son of the former king of Troy was excavated and a lantern was found still burning. King Pallas of Troy lived in the 12th century BC. The lamp had therefore been burning for 2400 years. In 1539, a lamp that had been lit for 1200 years was also found in a Catholic church in England. The curious find was reported to King Henry VIII, who believed the ever-burning lamp to be a Roman pope's trick and had it destroyed. So we cannot examine this one either.
The last ever-burning lamp was found by a Swiss soldier, Du Praz, near Grenoble, France. He took it to a monastery, where it was studied for months, but no one could find out what kept it burning for so long. The level of oil in it did not decrease over time. Eventually, one of the monks dropped it and the oil spilled out, along with the hope of a solution. It is no coincidence that the monks never found the secret of the everlasting. After all, these lamps were not lit by flame. A reference to this is found in the Bible. In the third book of Leviticus it says: And thou shalt command the children of Israel to bring thee pure oil of olives for the laver, and to put thereon the „ever-burning lamp”. The ever-burning lamp must have been some kind of subatomic energy emitter that ionized the air and it glowed. As we know, the amount of subatomic energy locked up in matter is almost infinite, so it is not at all far-fetched to say that these lamps were ever-burning.
Despite all the failures, our situation is not hopeless. It is true that we do not have pulsating magnetic crystals, but civilisations more advanced than us do. We don't have to go far to get it. We don't have to contact extraterrestrials, because the Atlantean civilisation already had that. The people rescued from Atlantis, which sank into the ocean, moved underground and into the depths of the sea. Now they live in an artificial bubble world, on the site of their former continent. Their old world has not disappeared without a trace. It has just sunk to the bottom of the ocean and been washed away by the mud. Their huge pyramids are covered in mud, but they still function. That's what's causing the anomalies over the Bermuda Triangle.
Many people have heard of mysterious disappearances in this area. These are not annihilations, but time travel. Their largest pyramid, 300 metres long and 200 metres high, emits a powerful magnetic radiation that causes time dilation. This was the phenomenon experienced by the passengers of the passenger plane that arrived half an hour early. When they landed, they were surprised to find that their watches were invariably half an hour late compared to the airport clock. They could not be accused of imagination, because they found that the aircraft had enough excess fuel to last half an hour.
The journey of flight 513 took longer than that and did not end so happily. The passenger aircraft took off from Santiago airport on 4 September 1954. A total of 91 people were on board the flight to Germany, but they never arrived at their destination. Radio contact with the plane was lost over the Bermuda Triangle and no news has been received since. For 35 years. But on 12 October 1989, it appeared in the sky over Porto Alegre Airport in Brazil. Air traffic controllers were shocked when they identified the plane, which had been missing for 35 years and had been circling the airport for 35 years, and could not be contacted. After the plane landed, the authorities went to the runway and then on board, where they found the skeletons of passengers and crew. Anthropological examination found that their bodies had started to decompose when the plane returned to the present, and that the passengers and crew had suddenly aged 35 years. Interestingly, everyone sat in the same place they were originally supposed to.
This rapid ageing is not a unique phenomenon. It has happened elsewhere that, in almost minutes, someone has aged so much that they have died and their body has been mummified. In November 1961, a 48-year-old clerk, David Lowe, and his wife in Darlington, in the north of England, were unsuspectingly watching the evening television programme when she became bored and went upstairs to her bedroom. Lowe, however, watched the film through and did not follow her until an hour later. Not wanting to wake his wife, he undressed in the dark. He was about to go to bed, but he was suspicious of the deep silence and the fact that he could not hear his wife breathing. He had a strange feeling and turned on the light. He saw a horrible sight. His wife was no longer alive. His shock was heightened by the fact that it was obviously no ordinary death. Her body was brown and shrivelled. The terrified husband found a mummy in the bed. Her missing teeth were protruding from her open mouth. The teeth that had fallen out were later found in her mouth.
The police and the coroner also discovered other anomalies in the bedroom. They found blackened plant fibres in her flower vase, which may have been the remains of a bouquet of flowers she had placed in it the day before. The bed linen and furniture covers also bore the marks of a long period of time, even though the Lowe's had bought new bedroom furniture the year before the incident. It was also noticed that the floor and the furnishings were covered with a thick layer of dust, which takes decades to settle. This could not have formed in the past because she vacuumed the room every day. The husband recognised the dead woman as his wife, although the 42-year-old woman looked more like her own grandmother. The autopsy concluded that the deceased was an 85-90 year old woman who had lain unburied for several years after her death, her body mummified in the dry air. The husband had no idea how his wife could have aged 30 years in just 1 hour while she slept. She then died and was mummified without either he or the neighbours noticing any abnormalities in the area.
Going back to the crystal pyramids of Atlantis, the aircraft that flew over the top of the pyramid experienced a much greater time dilation. They were transported back in time to the world of Atlantis. The disappearances began in 1945, with the case of the 19th military unit. On December 5th, six military planes took off from Florida. An hour later, each pilot reported to headquarters that they were lost and did not recognize the landscape below. The control tower recorded the conversation with the pilots. One of them said, "My navigation instruments are going crazy. The compass is spinning round and round. The sea has changed. I can see a landmass that shouldn't be here, because according to my chart and my knowledge of geography, there are no islands. In comparison, there is a green continent below me." Their instruments then became completely inoperable, and they were unable to control the distressed aircraft from the tower. One of the rescue aircraft sent after them also disappeared during the search. It was probably searching over the pyramid. In the days that followed, hundreds of ships and planes searched nearly 250,000 square miles of the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico, but neither the 27 victims nor the wreckage were found. Records since 1851 show that 8127 people have been lost in the Bermuda Triangle. In addition, more than 50 ships and 20 aircraft have disappeared without a trace.
Such time travel also occurs in pyramids in our world. In villages near the pyramids in Egypt and Bosnia, parents have been warning their children for centuries not to play near the gulas. Their fears are not unfounded, as several children have disappeared without a trace in the vicinity of the pyramids in the past. They have never been found. Residents of nearby Bosnian villages say they see strange lights flashing near the pyramids at night. Arab children are warned of the same by parents living near the Great Pyramid. According to one traveller, he became dizzy near the dome and suddenly found himself in another world. Gone was the pyramid, gone was the Sahara, and he found himself on a strange beach, where seagulls screeched and green waves lapped the piers and boats. Further inland from the shore, he saw a straight street leading into the interior of the island. There were streets paved with marble, where people in white dress walked among palaces built of crystal. He was about to go into the city to have a closer look around when he was back in the Sahara in an instant. In the sandy desert, he was saved from dehydration by being found by a caravan.
According to a medieval Bosnian adoma, some children once disappeared near the Pyramid of the Sun. Their parents searched the area for months. They had given up on them, mourned them, when suddenly they turned up. They were wearing the same clothes they had disappeared in, and they hadn't lost any weight. When questioned, they said they were playing by the pyramid when they saw an opening in the side of the vegetated goula. Curious, they ventured into the cave. Once inside, however, they were frightened by the light coming from inside. But their curiosity drove them further, but they did not reach the source of the light because they suddenly felt a blow on their forehead and felt dizzy. They thought they had hit a stone wall, but the next moment they opened their eyes and found themselves on the shores of Atlantis. They couldn't understand how the sea came to be here, since no sea washes the borders of Bosnia. They too heard the screeching of seagulls and saw the ships anchored in the harbour. They don't remember anything else, because suddenly they were back. Asked what they did for the four months they were away, they could not answer. They said that when they tried to go inside the island, they got dizzy again and found themselves back in their village in an instant. They swore that they thought the adventure lasted no more than 10 minutes. Such adventures have happened in other countries. Similar disappearances have been documented at the Mayan pyramids, the Chinese pyramids and the Mongolian pyramids. It is clear that this is time dilation. This also explains the disappearances in the Bermuda Triangle.
In October 2012, American and French scientists led by Dr Verlag Meyer discovered a pyramid larger than the Kheops pyramid on the Atlantic Ocean floor. Diving underwater in wetsuits, they found that the pyramid was made of some kind of white crystal. And their instruments indicated that the top was magnetic. Visual observation showed that it was emitting some strange light. It appeared as if the top was pulsating. This is not the first time. Divers have found crystal pyramids in the ocean off the coast of the Yucatan, off Louisina, Florida, before. The most famous case occurred in 1970, when an amateur diver, Ray Brown, got lost while diving off the Bahamas. Thirty kilometres off Berry Island, he became separated from his companions.
While searching for them, he noticed a strangely luminous pyramid-like structure in the ocean 30-40 metres below the surface. He said the pyramid was at least 100 metres high and covered with a perfectly smooth, crystalline material. The pyramid glowed with a slight glow, turning the otherwise pitch blackness milky white. Brown discovered two openings in the pyramid, and through one of them he entered the interior, where he found a completely clean room, free of all marine plants and animals, the walls of which also glowed with a vague whiteness, like the outside of the pyramid. Inside he could swim from room to room. On the walls he saw writing of unknown origin, unlike the letters of any language on earth. Gazing around the pyramid, he had a sense of presence all the time, as if the guardian of the pyramid were watching him.
When he left, he brought with him a piece of crystal lying on the ground, which was apparently of the same material as the pyramid. This was later subjected to laboratory tests, which concluded that: 'The material of the crystal is not found on our Earth. It is not identifiable with any other crystalline material on our planet." It has also been shown to multiply the energy radiated into it in unknown ways. For example, it multiplies the light emitted into it many times over. It would be useful to borrow this crystal fragment and put it inside a toroidal electromagnet. If its pulsating magnetic discharge creates an induced voltage in the coil, then we have found the ideal excitation circuit for the Tesla converter. If the Atlantean civilisation were to reveal how this crystal was made, all obstacles to the mass use of the Tesla converter worldwide would be removed.
Ó Ákos Kun
 The converter, made by Tesla, was built into a wooden box the size of a small suitcase and was able to move a heavy luxury car at 90 mph. The vehicle was powered by a large conventional electric motor powered solely by a unit called the converter. The converter also included an antenna about 1.8 m long, connecting the external "energy" to the circuit, and inside the box were coils, capacitors and some radio tubes. Neither a battery nor a power generator connected to the system, the total power requirements of the drive motor were provided by some electronic components. In the summer of 1931, the factory test took place in Buffalo, where this "ghost car" without noise and exhaust generated a great deal of attention. However, fate did not want this invention to take place before World War II, so the company that undertook to produce this converter in series was destroyed and the idea was forgotten.
 Many are already disturbed by the fact that during the TV news, foreign correspondents can only answer the presenter's questions with several seconds of delay, as signals are received via mobile phone relay stations or satellites, but mostly via the web with some delay.
 Solitone is a Latin term meaning "lonely." In physics, solitude is a high-amplitude nonlinear wave. Its spread has been observed in liquids, but it is also spread in gases and even in the ether.
 Latex rubber gloves that protect up to 40 kV are not cheap. It costs 30,000 forints, but the funeral costs more. Recommended web address for purchase: https://www.munkaruhashop.hu/product/kezvedelem/villszer/8409-8410/
 I'm sure many of you have questioned what drives surfers forward, since there is no engine on the surfboard. The answer to that seems obvious: gravity. Indeed, from the top of the wave to the bottom. But they should stop there, because gravity pulls you in and doesn't push you forward. Surfers are pushed forward by the eetra, thanks to the solitaire effect.
 Studying chronovizor would help a lot, because such diodes were used in the ingress circuit. However, this device is hidden by the Catholic Church and is impossible to access.
 A detailed description of this mode of excitation can be found in volume III of my book Esoteric implementation. Chapter V, "Esoteric Developments".)
 However, with a technical solution, most magnetic force lines can be maintained in-house. Use toroid coils instead of standard transformers. With the toroid transformer, the magnetic force lines close inside the ring core, significantly reducing the dispersion of the force lines. (The outer scattered space will be only a few percent of the scattered space of the open coil. This may also result in toroid transformers being used in computer power supplies.) However, be careful not to place the primary and secondary coils on top of each other due to high operating voltages. The two coils should be facing each other on the ferrite ring. For large threads, torus soreoid winding should be used, which is difficult to do at home. The reduction of magnetic radiation is also necessary because switch-powered power supplies have a large scattered magnetic field, which can cause a commotion in news equipment.
 The decommissioning of microwave transmission towers is made possible by the introduction of longitudinal transmission in communications technology and telecommunications.
 A detailed description of the procedure can be found in the February 9, 2018 issue of the journal Life and Science (pages 174-175).
 Ferrite core has a permeability of up to 200, while hypersil transformer iron has 1500. Permeability is a numeric value. It shows the number of times magnetic field strength (excitation) in the transformer iron creates a higher magnetic induction than in a vacuum. As you can see, it's eight times in favor of the transformer iron. Nevertheless, the poor quality ferrite core can be used to make a transformer with higher efficiency than the best quality transformer iron. The result is a much smaller and much cheaper power supply. (A power supply approaching the efficiency of switch power supplies could already be made from a plate called a metal glass, because permalloy has permeability from 10,000 to 100,000 and can be used up to 50 kHz. Disadvantage of this design is that permalloy is quite expensive.)
 According to the Bible, after the completion of the ark, the Lord gave Noah a "pearl of light" and "the source of light shone with his own power." According to the Gilgamesh epic, the "aperture-free" ship that ensured the survival of the Sumerian was not lacking in the mysterious light source bestowed on them by the god Enki. When they crossed into South America, the Jeremids received 16 "illuminated stones" from the Lord, two for each ship. During the 344 days of the crossing, these stones provided "bright lighting on their own" in the sealed vessels. A "miracle stone" was lit day and night in the yurt of Geszer Khan, the hero of the great Mongolian epic.